5 August 2009
I am researching my family history and recently came across my 3x Great Grandfather Henry Mullucks was a publican at the Royal Oak in Fryerning 1851-1862? (all my Mullucks family are born in this area: Blackmore etc). Would you or anyone else know where the Royal Oak may have been or where I could find out any more information on this and my Mullucks family.
7 August 2009
“Fryerning”, says Kelly’s Directory 1890, “is a parish, forming three-fourths of the town of Ingatestone” … was amalgamated in 1889 to form one civil parish of Ingatestone and Fryerning.
“The civil parish was formed in 1889 by merging the ancient parishes of Ingatestone and Fryerning. The two parishes were oddly shaped, with the parish of Fryerning running from the north-west to the south-east of Ingatestone, bisecting the other parish.
“Unusually, most of the village of Ingatestone was in the parish of Fryerning, and therefore not in the parish of Ingatestone.
“In 1950 some land around Handley Green was moved to the parish of Margaretting, and at the same time an area to the south-west of Margaretting Hall was added to Ingatestone and Fryerning.” (source: http://www.answers.com/topic/ingatestone-and-fryerning)
So Census records between 1841 and 1881 show the majority of The Street, Ingatestone, within Fryerning.
I have received a number of queries trying to locate family ancestors in Fryerning who actually lived in Ingatestone High Street.
I will post more on this topic on the Fryerning page of ‘Blackmore Area Local History’ in due course (http://www.blackmorehistory.co.uk/fryerning.html).
The Royal Oak was actually on the west side of Ingatestone High Street where Budgens (built c1975) is now. For a picture of Budgens, as seen from the top of the church tower go to http://www.blackmorehistory.co.uk/ingatestone.html. I do not remember the public house but the large gap and high fence near to George Staines, ironmongers, in the early 1970s. From the High Street you could see through to Haslers Mill (the newer one of the two) which was itself demolished in the late 1970s to make way for Haslers Court. I suspect that the Royal Oak and neighbouring cottages were demolished in the late 1960s. Ian Yearsley, in his book, ‘Ingatestone and Fryerning – a history’ (Ian Henry Publications, 1997) writes, “The Royal Oak lost its licence before the Great War, but its demolition was delayed somewhat longer than its compatriots and survived long enough to see service as housing until its eventual demolition in the 1970s” (p104).
The cover of the book ‘Ingatestone and District in old picture postcards’, compiled by the late Kenneth Langford in 1985, shows a postcard dated 1894 which includes the ‘Royal Oak’ slightly to the distance.
Ingatestone High Street, situated on the main London to Colchester road, was once a major route for coach and horses. Before the coming of the railways there were numerous pubs and inns serving travellers. The town was about one days’ journey from London. Ian Yearsley says there were once 27 pubs in Ingatestone and Fryerning. Now there are only seven: Stocks (formerly The Anchor), Star, Bell (an ancient coaching inn) and Crown, all in Ingatestone High Street and, Woolpack (a restaurant near Fryerning Church), Cricketers (at Mill Green) and Viper (a little further along the road towards Highwood).
Henry Mullocks was a schoolmaster in Blackmore in 1841. (See cross reference to http://www.blackmorehistory.co.uk/around_blackmore.html). He was 30 years old. His wife was Miriam (aged 25). They had three children: Augusta (9), Sarah (7) and Henrietta (7 months).
Henry Mullocks was a letter carrier in 1851 and publican in 1861. To confirm whether he was the landlord of The Royal Oak, “Fryerning”, I suggest you consult Kelly’s Directory for the target period. In 1890 the publican and tailor was Henry King.
Moving forward to 1881 the only name of someone either residing in Blackmore or born in Blackmore was a Mary Ann Mullucks (born c1832 in High Ongar). This may be a relation.
Elsewhere I discovered the following by means of a ‘Google Alert’. This helped me to build the picture. (Source: http://www.british-genealogy.com/forums/showthread.php?p=308821).
Civil parish: Blackmore
Registration district: Ongar
Sub-registration district: Bobbingworth
HO107; Piece: 1771; Folio: 216; Page: 39
Address: Church St
Henry Mullucks, Head, Mar, 39, Letter carrier, Norton Mandeville? Essex
Miriam Mullucks, Wife, Mar, 39, Letter carriers wife, Blackmore, Essex
Augustin? Mullucks, Son, U, 19, Blackmore, Essex
Sarah Mullucks, Daur, U, 17, High Lower, Essex
Henrietta Mullucks, Daur, U, 9, Schoilar, Blackmore, Essex
William Mullucks, Son, U, 5, Scholar, Blackmore, Essex
Louisa Mullucks, Daur, U, 3, Blackmore, Essex
Julia Mullucks, Daur, U, 5mo, Blackmore, Essex
Henry Mullucks 48
Mirian Mullucks 46
Sarah Mullucks 25
Luesia Mullucks 13
Julia Mullucks 10
Fredrick Mullucks 6
Sarah Wood 42 Visitor
George Ardly 18 Lodger
Thomas Ardly 14 "
George Clark 18 "
Class: RG9; Piece: 1078; Folio: 168; Page: 9;
Henry is a publican at the Royal Oak.
8 August 2009
Thanks so much for the information and the time you must have put in to find all this! I found confirmation of Henry being publican in the post office directory for 1855. I will now be able to take a drive out to Ingatestone to have a look at the old site. I live in Benfleet, Essex so not too far away. I also found out that Henry's son Frederick on early census records and Percy on later records was also a publican/butcher in Castle Hedingham at the Butchers Arms. I guess a lot of the family must have been buried around the Ingatestone area so will also get out to check church records.
Thanks again Andrew.
9 August 2009
For a list of church registers held at the Essex Record Office consult http://www.blackmorehistory.co.uk/parishregisters.html