Friday, 31 January 2014

Blackmore: Revd Montague Hardwick Knott

Papers which once belonged to Montague Hardwick Knott (1906 - 2006), Vicar of Blackmore from 1957 to 1985, have been given to me by a reader of the blog and accompanying website.  The archive includes a sequence of Christmas letters and collected information on the history of the Priory Church of St Laurence, Blackmore which, by coincidence, celebrates its 900th anniversary this year (2014).

Over the coming months a wide selection of items will be transcribed and posted onto this site. 

However, there is a puzzle to solve. The box contains five postcards of the same church. But the whereabouts are completely unknown. Could it be in Essex, or even Lincolnshire or the Cotswolds? Can you help?

Wednesday, 29 January 2014

Blackmore Area Local History: Researching First World War Ancestors

Blackmore Area Local History: Researching First World War Ancestors: Sound advice has been shared on the web this week by members of the ‘Great War Forum’ to a query from Ian P which ran … “I am trying to rese...

Tuesday, 28 January 2014

ESAH160: Great Leighs and the Great War - on the BBC

ESAH160: Great Leighs and the Great War - on the BBC: The BBC began a four-year commemoration of the First World War (1914-1918) on television last night with the first of four programmes pr...

Monday, 27 January 2014

High Country History Group: Great War Commemoration

High Country History Group: Great War Commemoration: The BBC commemorates the Great War with 2500 hours of programming over the next four years, with a website containing extensive coverag...

Friday, 24 January 2014

Church Goods Sold by 1548

An extract from ….

{Transcribed for the internet from the Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society (now the Essex Society for Archaeology and History), ‘New Series’ Volume 13 Part 3 (1913). The text as originally published shows the original script with variable spelling.  In this item we have added in curly brackets (thus {}) the modern spelling of the words, which researchers may more easily find from search engines.  We welcome your feedback.}

THE church goods of Essex have received considerable attention in the Society's Transactions. The late Mr. H. W. King's transcripts of inventories of confiscated church goods were printed in vols. iv. and v. (o.s.) and in vols. i., ii., and iii. (n.s.). Mr. R. C. Fowler and Mr. W. C. Waller printed some further inventories in vols. x. and xi. respectively. These all referred to goods taken into the king's hands in 1552, and in some cases the goods previously sold are also named.

The following transcript (the Essex part only of S.P.D. Edw. VI., vol. v., no. 59) refers to the goods which the churchwardens and parishioners had sold by 1548. The Essex parishes number one hundred and fifteen, and are distributed fairly equally over the county. The MS. is apparently a copy of the original certificates. The goods named in some parishes are mentioned in the later inventories already named, but in most the information is additional. The chief interest lies in the uses to which the money received was put. Some was of course used for church repairs, and for removing the signs of the old religion, but it will be seen that much was used for a great variety of secular purposes. Contractions in the MS. have been extended and a little punctuation added to make the sense clearer.


HUTTON. John Smith, Barnard Roos, Churchwardens doo say that he the same Barnard Roos and John hatter being Churchwardens there dyd sell of the church plate there one [sic] Croose and one chalyce for the somme of vjli. And they say That parte of the same Somme was bestowed in repayring the churche parte in amending the highwayes parte in setting forth of Souldyers and parte thereof yet still remayneth unbestowed which was soulde as they say abowte Easter last past.

{HUTTON.  John Smith, Bernard Roos, Churchwardens do say that he the same Bernard Roos and John Hatter being churchwardens there did sell off the church plate there one Cross and one chalice for the sum of £6. And they say that part of the same sum was bestowed in repairing the church part in amending the highway part in setting forth soldiers and part thereof yet still remains unspent which was sold as they say about Easter last past.}

BURSTEDDE MAGNA. William Harryes, John Bowyour, Churchwardens Doo presente and say That Thomas Wattis and Thomas Wolnur by the consent of parryshe dyd sell of the church plate there a senser, a shippe, ij. Sylver paxes, and a chalyce for the Somme of xijli. xiijs iiijd., whereof they say they haue layed owte and bestowed ixli. xiijs. iiijd. partelie emongest poore fookes, partelie for the reparcions of the churche, and partelie for the Churche debte, which was soulde as they say in the moneth of ffebruary anno 1545.

{GREAT BURSTEAD.  William Harris, John Bowyer, Churchwardens do present and say that Thomas Wattis and Thomas Woolnor by the consent of the parish did sell off the church plate there a senser, a shippe[1], 2 silver paxes, and a chalice for the sum of £12.8s.4d. whereof they say they have laid out and bestowed £9.8s.4d. partly among the poor folks, partly for the reparations of the church and partly for the church debt, which was sold as they say in the month of February 1545.}

LYTLE BURSTEDDE. John Dyer, Thomas Fenner, Churchwardens, doo say That he the same Thomas Fenner and John Stewarde with the consent of the parryshe hathe sold one chalyce of the churches for the Somme of iijli. ixs. ixd. whereof remayneth in thandis of certayne men of the same parryshe lvjs. viijd. And the resydue of the same money was gyven emongest poore people which was sould as they say at mydsommer was twelf moneth.

{LITTLE BURSTEAD. John Dyer, John Fenner, Churchwardens do say that he the same Thomas Fenner and John Stewarde with the consent of the parish have sold one chalice of the church for the sum of £3.9s.9d. whereof remains in the hands of certain men of the same parish 55s.8.d And the residue of the same money was given among poor people which was sold as they say at midsummer was twelve month.}


CHYGWELL. Roberte Woode, Laurence Mundis, Churchewardens Doo saye That they haue sold certayne candlestyckes of latten belonging to the said churche for whiche they have receaued the Somme of xviijs. whiche Somme they say ys employed upon the reparacions of the same churche.

{CHIGWELL. Robert Wood, Laurence Munds, Churchwardens do say that they have sold certain candlesticks of brass belonging to the said church for which they have received the sum of 18s. which sum they say is employed upon the reparations of the same church.}

WARELEY MAGNA. Robert Marrowe, parson, Rychard Nelson, Churchwarden and Rychard brighte Doo say that they with the advyse of the parryshe there hath sold so manny latten Candelstyckis of the saide churche as came to the Somme of xxixs. ijd. which Somme remayneth holle in the saide churchewardens handes as they say.

{GREAT WARLEY.  Robert Marrowe, parson, Richard Nelson, Churchwarden and Richard Bright do say that they with the advice of the parish there have sold do many brass candlesticks of the said church as came to the sum of 29s.2d. which sum remains wholly in the said churchwardens hands as they say.}

BADOWE MAGNA. Rychard hyckes, Lawrence Spylman, Churchwardens there doo saye That Roberte Kinge, James Drylande, John Postill, and Robert Sturgeon, parryshenours there did sell their parcells of plate folowinge; a Chalyce all gylte wayeng xix. vunces dimidium at iiijs. vjd. the unce … Summa iiijli. vijs. ixd.
Item, A shyppe of sylver parcell gylte and a lytle spoone wayenge vj. vunces dimidium at iiijs. ijd. the vunce, two silver sawcers parcell gylte wayenge vj vnces dimidium at iiijs. ijd. the vnce, ij. Cruettis parcell gylte wayenge x. vnces at iiijs. ijd. the vnce … … Summa xvijli. xvjs. vid.[? xiijli. vjs. 4d.]
All whiche money they saye ys bestowed vpon the reparacions of the churche allso sold fyfite pounds of latten ijd. the libra. Summa viiijs. iiijd. with as moche latten as came to vs. iiijd.

{GREAT BADDOW.  Richard Hyckes, Lawrence Spylman Churchwardens there do say that Robert King, James Drylande, John Postill, and Robert Sturgeon, parishioners there did sell their parcels of plate following: a chalice all gilded weighing 19½ ounces at 4s.6d. per ounce … Sum £4.7s.9d.
Item, A shippe of silver partly gilded and a little spoon weighing 6½ ounces at 4s.2d. the ounce, two silver saucers partly gilded weighing 6½ ounces at 4s.2d. the ounce, 2 cruetts partly gilded weighing 10 ounces at 4s.2d. an ounce … Sum £17.16s.6d [? £17.6.4d.}
All which money they say is bestowed upon the reparations of rhe church also sold fifty pounds of brass 2d the pound. Sum 9s.4d with as much brass as come to 5s.4d.}

LEES MAGNA. John England, George Osborne, Churchwardens Doo presente That James Spylman and John Danyell dyd sell vj. torches for iiijs. vjd. whiche was employed to the poore mens boxe.

{GREAT LEIGHS.  John England, George Osborne, churchwardens do present that James Spylman and John Daniell dis sell 6 torches for 4s.6d. which was employed to the poor mens box.}

CHELMESFORDE. Geffrey Skotte, William Nooke, Churchwardens Do presente That they and Roger Platte, paryshenour, solde as much mettall as they receaued xlviijs. vjd. with as many olde towels as came to viijd. whiche money they haue with more spente in wasshing the churche with lyme and wryting of scripture abowte the churche with taking downe of ymagis.

{CHELMSFORD. Geoffrey Skotte, William Nooke, Churchwardens do present that they and Roger Platt, parishioner, sold as much metal as they received 48s.6d. with as many old towels as came to 8d. which money they have with more money spent in washing the church with lime and writing of scripture about the church with taking down the images.}

WODEHAM FFERRYES. Robert Styleman, Rychard Newton, Churchwardens, doo presente That abowte three yeres agoo John Sandis, gentleman, and William pirrs beinge Churchwardens dyd sell a broken bell for the somme of xvli. Also a Chalyce of sylver with a paxe of sylver for the Somme of vli. whiche money the say was employed vpon the makinge of a newe fframe in the steple for the bells and for shingling ot the churche.

{WOODHAM FERRERS.  Robert Styleman, Richard Newton, Churchwardens, do present that about three years ago John Sands, gentleman, and William Pirrs being Churchwardens did sell a broken bell for the sum of £15. Also a chalice of silver with a paxe of silver for the sum £5 which money they say was employed upon the making of a new Frame in the steeple for the bells and for shingling out the church.}

NORTON. John Whytinge Churchwarden there doo say That he solde as myche allablaster as came to xxd. which money ys yet in his kepinge.

{NORTON MANDEVILLE. John Whiting Churchwarden do say that he sold as much alabaster as came to 20d which money is yet in his keeping.}

MARGARETYNGE. Robert Taber, William Dawson, Churchwardens doo say That they sold to repayre the church one unce of brooken sylver for iiijs.

{MARGARETTING. Robert Taber, William Dawson, Churchwardens do saythat they sold to repair the church one ounce of broken silver for 4s.}


SEELO BOWELLS. Rychard Sampforde hath solde of the said churches plate one Clalyce of sylver and gylte for the Somme of xxxvijs. iiijd. whiche money the same Rychard bestowed in repayring the same churche.

{SHELLOW BOWELLS. Richard Sampford has sold of the said church plate one chalice of silver and gilded for the sum of 37s.4d. which money the same Richard bestowed in repairing the same church.}

[1] Shippe = perhaps suffix for –ship as in worship

Saturday, 18 January 2014

Bequests Relating to Blackmore

An extract from ...
EXTRACTED FROM Calendar of Wills proved and enrolled in the Court of Husting, London.

{A transcription of an article taken from the Transactions of the Essex Archaeological Society (now the Essex Society for Archaeology and History), ‘new series’ Volume 13 part 4, published in 1914. Items in curly brackets { } have been added for the convenience of the modern reader on the Internet.  Your feedback on this article would be appreciated, especially if you have referred to it in the course of research.  The full transcription will be published in Spring 2014 on }

ALL now, who are interested in genealogical research, and in the manners, customs and dress of the Middle ages, realise the important light that is thrown upon the subject by the wills of the time. In going through the wills proved and enrolled at the Court of Husting, London, published in two volumes by order of the Corporation of the City, and edited, with an introduction, by Dr. Reginald R. Sharpe, it is very noticeable how many of the citizens, whose wills were enrolled during the latter half of the thirteenth century and the first half of the fourteenth, bore Essex names, i.e., names of towns and villages whence they or their fathers had come. Surnames, as we know them, were then uncommon, and when men were not known by the name of the birthplace or former residence, it was usually by their trade or occupation, such as Draper, Taylor, Baker, Smith, etc. A list of names of places in Essex, used as surnames, will probably not be uninteresting, and will shew how many of the citizens of London were of Essex descent. These wills also contain much matter of interest to the Essex antiquary, such as gifts of plate, ornaments, and books, money for founding chantries in the churches, or for their repair or rebuilding; and bequests to the different religious houses, especially Stratford and Barking, where many of the citizens had daughters or relatives. These bequests help to fix the date of many of the additions to our parish churches, i.e., Bartholomew Denmars, in 1352, leaves money towards the work of the church of South Benfleet; Alice Hongreforth, in 1491, leaves directions to her executors to see that the roof of Blackmore church is "properly seled with Estryche boord "; and John Draper, in 1496, desires his lands and tenements in the parish of Colne (Colne Engaine?) to be sold, and the proceeds to be devoted to the purchase of forty thousand bricks, towards the work of the belfry of the said parish church.

The wills included in this present paper are from the commencement of the calendar in 1258 to 1361-2, dividing those of local interest more equally into two parts, than if the extracts had ended in 1358, with Dr. Sharpe’s first volume.  Some of the notes are by Dr. Sharpe, and others have been added. The Guildhall Library Committee kindly say that they are only too pleased to see the work make some use of, and members living in, and well acquainted with the places mentioned in the wills, may be able to give further information concerning the bequests and testators.


1287. GODFREY ROSAMUND.—To the Prior and Convent of la Blakemore {Blackmore}, five shillings annual rent in the parish of All Hallows de Fancherche, on condition that his name be put in their obituary (martilogio), and his obit kept. (No date.)

1291. WILLIAM HERVI. - To the Prior and Convent of BIakemore {Blackmore}, his shop, so that his servant John hold the same for a term of three years after his decease, rendering to the said prior half a mark for pittance. (No date.) (Afterwards let on lease to Sir Richer de Refham.)